Xinmang money is a series of currencies issued by the reform of Wang Mang's currency system from the late Western Han Dynasty to the New Dynasty.Wang Mang carried out four currency reforms during his reign. The speed of his reforms and the seriousness and thoroughness with which he carried them out are astonishing.
After Wang Mang came to power, he carried out a series of currency system reforms in the name of "Tuogu Reform" in order to weaken the power of the old tribes in the Han Dynasty and plunder the wealth of the common people.Both the knife coin and the cloth coin were recovered during the reform, but they were not the same as those in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period.Because the currency system is complicated and chaotic, the folk transaction is not smooth.And each time the size of the coin is shrinking, but the price is higher and higher, essentially exploiting the wealth of ordinary people.The failure of currency reform also contributed to the rapid demise of the new dynasty.
Although Wang Mang's reform was a failure, the series of coins he issued were the finest in the history of ancient coins.The currency mostly uses the cantsuzhuan font, which is very exquisite.Lost in the history of the national treasure, golden or straight ten thousand is one of the highest value of ancient money, very few in the world.In 2006, the coins of the late Western Han Dynasty and the new dynasty, such as the national treasure, golden or "priceless", were unearthed in Xi 'an.According to textual research, these two kinds of coins may be the Western Han Dynasty in the second year of the first monetary reform (AD 7) products, did not circulate, is a trial cast.
Buquan is also a lost historical record of the new dynasty currency.Some scholars believe that it is not currency, but the "Hanshu · Book of ninety-nine · Wang Mang Biography of the sixty-ninth" said that "the second year of the founding of the state......Officials in and out of the people, with cloth money to vice - run, do not hold, kitchen pass not to give up, Guan Jin Caoleave.Duke all hold to enter the palace door, and want to do it."However, some scholars, based on the existing evidence such as Qian Fan, believed that Buquan was actually currency and circulated at the same time as the Huoquan issued during the Fourth Monetary Reform.In the above-mentioned Biography of Wang Mang in the Book of Han, the person mentioned is Dabu Huang Qian.Some scholars believe that Buquan was a reform measure taken by Wang Mang after the fourth monetary reform and before he tried to further shrink it. He changed the two products of Huo Bu and Huo Quan into Buquan one product and gradually carried out the reform secretly.The casting time should be between the first year of the emperor and the death of Wang Mang.
Wang Mang carried out four reforms of the currency system from 7 to 14 AD.First cast large value knife coin was reversed, and then retro reform.The bank used "five things" (gold, silver, copper, turtle, shellfish) and "six" (gold, silver goods, turtle coin, shellfish coin, cloth, spring) to count twenty-eight articles.It ended with currency being "complicated and chaotic".After the two successive monetary system reforms, it left a historical heritage of five thousand Yidao Ping (wrong Dao), five hundred Qi Dao, "Six Quan", "Ten Bu", "Buquan", "Huquan", "Hubu", "National Treasure," Jinjihui ", etc., which are diverse in variety, novel in style, excellent in casting, and unpeerless in art.Chinese calligraphy art is divided into five categories: seal script, scribe, regular script, line and grass.Since Li Si was ordered by Emperor Qin Shihuang to create xiao zhuan, the characters on the currency are mainly xiao zhuan.Mang money on the calligraphy art, on the basis of the traditional seal writing, to develop and change, the money document normal seal seal, seal seal and long foot seal seal as one, showing exquisite artistic characteristics.Cross if the giant wooden temple, steel column block the way, threatening momentum;Qu like Jing Hong flying hoof, free stretch, smooth and natural;Vertical as mountains and waterfalls, a thousand miles, unstoppable, and like wire hanging in the air, the vigorous and straight, indestructible.Overview of the Qian Qian calligraphy, delicate and not weak sense, bold and restrained gas.Its smooth lines, dynamic strength, beautiful form, balanced structure of white cloth, density, the essence of calligraphy, is unmatched by other currency characters.